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Gordon gets his job back as the commissioner, and the government Batman project is shut down. Batman was rebooted as starting with a one-shot issue entitled Batman: The series then began shipping twice-monthly as a third volume, starting with Batman vol.
The Batman series introduced two vigilantes, Gotham and Gotham Girl. Detective Comics resumed its original numbering system starting with June 's , and the New 52 series was labeled as volume 2 with issues numbering from The continuity established by Rebirth continues across DC's comic book titles, including volume one of Detective Comics and the third volume of Batman.
Batman's secret identity is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy American industrialist. As a child, Bruce witnessed the murder of his parents, Dr.
Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne , which ultimately led him to craft the Batman persona and seek justice against criminals. He resides on the outskirts of Gotham City in his personal residence, Wayne Manor.
Wayne averts suspicion by acting the part of a superficial playboy idly living off his family's fortune and the profits of Wayne Enterprises , his inherited conglomerate.
Although Bruce Wayne leads an active romantic life, his vigilante activities as Batman account for most of his time. Various modern stories have portrayed the extravagant, playboy image of Bruce Wayne as a facade.
Writers of Batman and Superman stories have often compared and contrasted the two. Interpretations vary depending on the writer, the story, and the timing.
He notes an equally stark contrast in their real identities. Bruce Wayne and Clark Kent belong to different social classes: James Musler's book Unleashing the Superhero in Us All explores the extent to which Bruce Wayne's vast personal wealth is important in his life story, and the crucial role it plays in his efforts as Batman.
Will Brooker notes in his book Batman Unmasked that "the confirmation of the Batman's identity lies with the young audience There's just a sense about him: Batman's primary character traits can be summarized as "wealth; physical prowess; deductive abilities and obsession".
Dennis O'Neil noted that character consistency was not a major concern during early editorial regimes: Julie and Murray did not want to coordinate their efforts, nor were they asked to do so.
Continuity was not important in those days. The driving force behind Bruce Wayne's character is his parents' murder and their absence.
Bob Kane and Bill Finger discussed Batman's background and decided that "there's nothing more traumatic than having your parents murdered before your eyes".
Another of Batman's characterizations is that of a vigilante; in order to stop evil that started with the death of his parents, he must sometimes break the law himself.
Although manifested differently by being re-told by different artists, it is nevertheless that the details and the prime components of Batman's origin have never varied at all in the comic books, the "reiteration of the basic origin events holds together otherwise divergent expressions".
Batman is often treated as a vigilante by other characters in his stories. Frank Miller views the character as "a dionysian figure, a force for anarchy that imposes an individual order".
Batman's original character was changed in the s when the now-defunct comic book codes went into effect, and DC editor Whitney Ellsworth reinvented Batman as having a stringent moral code which never allowed him to kill.
On several occasions former Robin Dick Grayson has served as Batman; most notably in while Wayne was believed dead, and served as a second Batman even after Wayne returned in In an interview with IGN , Morrison detailed that having Dick Grayson as Batman and Damian Wayne as Robin represented a "reverse" of the normal dynamic between Batman and Robin, with, "a more light-hearted and spontaneous Batman and a scowling, badass Robin".
Morrison explained his intentions for the new characterization of Batman: The guy has been Batman's partner since he was a kid, he's led the Teen Titans , and he's trained with everybody in the DC Universe.
So he's a very different kind of Batman. He's a lot easier; He's a lot looser and more relaxed. Over the years, there have been numerous others to assume the name of Batman, or to officially take over for Bruce during his leaves of absence.
Jean Paul Valley , also known as Azrael , assumed the cowl after the events of the Knightfall saga. Endgame , and served as Batman in and Additionally, members of the group Batman, Incorporated , Bruce Wayne's experiment at franchising his brand of vigilantism, have at times stood in as the official Batman in cities around the world.
Batman's interactions with both villains and cohorts have, over time, developed a strong supporting cast of characters. Batman faces a variety of foes ranging from common criminals to outlandish supervillains.
Many of them mirror aspects of the Batman's character and development, often having tragic origin stories that lead them to a life of crime.
Batman's "most implacable foe" is the Joker , a homicidal maniac with a clown-like appearance. The Joker is considered by critics to be his perfect adversary, since he is the antithesis of Batman in personality and appearance; the Joker has a maniacal demeanor with a colorful appearance, while Batman has a serious and resolute demeanor with a dark appearance.
As a "personification of the irrational", the Joker represents "everything Batman [opposes]". Many of Batman's adversaries are often psychiatric patients at Arkham Asylum.
Batman's butler, Alfred Pennyworth , first appeared in Batman 16 He serves as Bruce Wayne's loyal father figure and is one of the few persons to know his secret identity.
Alfred raised Bruce after his parents' death and knows him on a very personal level. He is sometimes portrayed as a sidekick to Batman and the only other resident of Wayne Manor aside from Bruce.
The character "[lends] a homely touch to Batman's environs and [is] ever ready to provide a steadying and reassuring hand" to the hero and his sidekick.
The informal name " Batman family " is used for a group of characters closely allied with Batman, generally masked vigilantes who either have been trained by Batman or operate in Gotham City with his tacit approval.
Barbara Gordon , Commissioner Gordon's daughter, who has fought crime under the vigilante identity of Batgirl and, during a period in which she was confined to a wheelchair due to a gunshot wound inflicted by the Joker, the computer hacker Oracle; Helena Bertinelli , the sole surviving member of a mob family turned vigilante, who has worked with Batman on occasion, primarily as the Huntress and as Batgirl for a brief stint; Cassandra Cain , the daughter of professional assassins David Cain , and Lady Shiva , who succeeded Bertinelli as Batgirl.
Lucius Fox , a technology specialist and Bruce Wayne's business manager who is well aware of his employer's clandestine vigilante activities; Dr.
Leslie Thompkins , a family friend who like Alfred became a surrogate parental figure to Bruce Wayne after the deaths of his parents, and is also aware of his secret identity; Vicki Vale , an investigative journalist who often reports on Batman's activities for the Gotham Gazette; Ace the Bat-Hound , Batman's canine partner who was mainly active in the s and s;  and Bat-Mite , an extra-dimensional imp mostly active in the s who idolizes Batman.
As a crime-fighting everyman , he shares Batman's goals while offering, much as the character of Watson does in Sherlock Holmes stories, a normal person's perspective on the work of Batman's extraordinary genius.
Batman is at times a member of superhero teams such as the Justice League of America and the Outsiders. In pre-Crisis continuity, the two are depicted as close friends; however, in current continuity, they are still close friends but an uneasy relationship, with an emphasis on their differing views on crime-fighting and justice.
Then, with some gadget from his utility belt, he reminds me that he has an extraordinarily inventive mind.
And how lucky I am to be able to call on him. Robin, Batman's vigilante partner, has been a widely recognized supporting character for many years.
In the s he finally grew up, went off to college and became the hero Nightwing. A second Robin, Jason Todd , appeared in the s.
In the stories he was eventually badly beaten and then killed in an explosion set by the Joker, but was later revived. He used the Joker's old persona, the Red Hood , and became an antihero vigilante with no qualms about using firearms or deadly force.
The third Robin in mainstream comics is Tim Drake , who first appeared in He went on to star in his own comic series, and currently goes by Red Robin , a variation on the traditional Robin persona.
In the first decade of the new millennium, Stephanie Brown served as the fourth in-universe Robin between stints as her self-made vigilante identity The Spoiler, and later as Batgirl.
The role eventually passed to Damian Wayne , the ten-year-old son of Bruce Wayne and Talia al Ghul , in the late s. Unlike the Robins, Bluebird is willing and permitted to use a gun, albeit non-lethal ; her weapon of choice is a modified rifle that fires taser rounds.
Helena Wayne is the biological daughter of Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle of an alternate universe established in the early s Multiverse where the golden-age stories took place.
Terry McGinnis is the biological son of Bruce Wayne in the DC animated universe , and has taken over the role as Batman when Bruce has become too elderly to do it.
Writers have varied in the approach over the years to the "playboy" aspect of Bruce Wayne's persona. Some writers show his playboy reputation as a manufactured illusion to support his mission as Batman, while others have depicted Bruce Wayne as genuinely enjoying the benefits of being "Gotham's most eligible bachelor".
Bruce Wayne has been portrayed as being romantically linked with many women throughout his various incarnations.
The most significant relationships occurred with Selina Kyle, who is also Catwoman  and Talia al Ghul , as both women gave birth to his biological offsprings, Helena Wayne and Damian Wayne, respectively.
Some of Batman's romantic interests have been women with a respected status in society, such as Julie Madison , Vicki Vale , and Silver St. While most of Batman's romantic relationships tend to be short in duration, Catwoman has been his most enduring romance throughout the years.
Although Catwoman is typically portrayed as a villain, Batman and Catwoman have worked together in achieving common goals and are usually depicted as having a romantic connection.
In an early s storyline, Selina Kyle and Bruce Wayne develop a relationship, in which the closing panel of the final story shows her referring to Batman as "Bruce".
However, a change in the editorial team brought a swift end to that storyline and, apparently, all that transpired during the story arc.
The story shows Selina saving Bruce from Poison Ivy. However, the relationship ends when Bruce rejects her advances twice; once as Bruce and once as Batman.
Dark Victory , he stands her up on two holidays, causing her to leave him for good and to leave Gotham City for a while. When the two meet at an opera many years later, during the events of the twelve-issue story arc called " Hush ", Bruce comments that the two no longer have a relationship as Bruce and Selina.
However, "Hush" sees Batman and Catwoman allied against the entire rogues gallery and rekindling their romantic relationship. In "'Hush", Batman reveals his true identity to Catwoman.
They have a daughter named Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress. Along with Dick Grayson, the Earth-Two Robin , the Huntress takes the role as Gotham's protector once Bruce Wayne retires to become police commissioner, a position he occupies until he is killed during one final adventure as Batman.
Batman and Catwoman are shown having a sexual encounter on the roof of a building in Catwoman vol. The two also have a romantic relationship, in which they are shown having a sexual encounter on a rooftop and sleeping together.
When he does so, she says, "Yes. Towards the end, the story is flash-forwarded to the future, in which Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle are a married couple in their golden years.
Bruce receives a terminal medical diagnosis, and Selina cares for him until his death. Batman has no inherent superhuman powers; he relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess".
In the stories, Batman is regarded as one of the world's greatest detectives, if not the world's greatest crime solver.
Doomed story arc, Superman considers Batman to be one of the most brilliant minds on the planet. Batman has trained extensively in various martial arts, mastering many different types, making him one of the best hand-to-hand fighters in the DC Universe.
Superman describes Batman as "the most dangerous man on Earth", able to defeat an entire team of superpowered extraterrestrials by himself in order to rescue his imprisoned teammates in Grant Morrison's first storyline in JLA.
Batman is strongly disciplined, and he has the ability to function under great physical pain and resist most forms of telepathy and mind control. He is a master of disguise , multilingual, and an expert in espionage , often gathering information under the identity of a notorious gangster named Matches Malone.
Batman is highly skilled in stealth movement and escapology , which allows him to appear and disappear at will and to break free of nearly inescapable deathtraps with little to no harm.
Batman is an expert in interrogation techniques and his intimidating and frightening appearance alone is often all that is needed in getting information from suspects.
Despite having the potential to harm his enemies, Batman's most defining characteristic is his strong commitment to justice and his reluctance to take a life.
This unyielding moral rectitude has earned him the respect of several heroes in the DC Universe, most notably that of Superman and Wonder Woman.
Among physical and other crime fighting related training, he is also proficient at other types of skills. Some of these include being a licensed pilot in order to operate the Batplane , as well as being able to operate other types of machinery.
In some publications, he underwent some magician training. In the comic, The Many Deaths of the Batman which focused on a former demolitions teacher of Batman who killed Batman's other teachers which included a race car driver, chemist, body builder, and gymnast all of whom were experts in their field.
Batman utilizes a vast arsenal of specialized, high-tech vehicles and gadgets in his war against crime, the designs of which usually share a bat motif.
Batman historian Les Daniels credits Gardner Fox with creating the concept of Batman's arsenal with the introduction of the utility belt in Detective Comics 29 July and the first bat-themed weapons the batarang and the "Batgyro" in Detective Comics 31 and 32 Sept.
Batman's body armored costume incorporates the imagery of a bat in order to frighten criminals. Finger and Kane originally conceptualized Batman as having a black cape and cowl and grey suit, but conventions in coloring called for black to be highlighted with blue.
In the Tim Burton 's Batman and Batman Returns films, Batman has been depicted as completely black with a bat in the middle surrounded by a yellow background.
Christopher Nolan 's The Dark Knight Trilogy depicted Batman wearing high-tech gear painted completely black with a black bat in the middle.
Ben Affleck 's Batman in the DC Extended Universe films wears a suit grey in color with a black cowl, cape, and bat symbol.
Batman's batsuit aids in his combat against enemies, having the properties of both Kevlar and Nomex. It protects him from gunfire and other significant impacts.
His gloves typically feature three scallops that protrude from long, gauntlet-like cuffs, although in his earliest appearances he wore short, plain gloves without the scallops.
Dennis O'Neil said, "We now say that Batman has two hundred suits hanging in the Batcave so they don't have to look the same Everybody loves to draw Batman, and everybody wants to put their own spin on it.
Batman's primary vehicle is the Batmobile , which is usually depicted as an imposing black car, often with tailfins that suggest a bat's wings.
Batman also has an aircraft called the Batplane later called the "Batwing" , along with various other means of transportation. In proper practice, the "bat" prefix as in Batmobile or batarang is rarely used by Batman himself when referring to his equipment, particularly after some portrayals primarily the s Batman live-action television show and the Super Friends animated series stretched the practice to campy proportions.
For example, the s television show depicted a Batboat , Bat-Sub , and Batcycle , among other bat-themed vehicles. The s television series Batman has an arsenal that includes such "bat-" names as the bat-computer, bat-scanner, bat-radar, bat-cuffs, bat-pontoons, bat-drinking water dispenser, bat-camera with polarized bat-filter, bat- shark repellent bat-spray, and bat-rope.
The storyline "A Death in the Family" suggests that given Batman's grim nature, he is unlikely to have adopted the "bat" prefix on his own. In The Dark Knight Returns , Batman tells Carrie Kelley that the original Robin came up with the name "Batmobile" when he was young, since that is what a kid would call Batman's vehicle.
The Batmobile was redesigned in when DC Comics relaunched its entire line of comic books, with the batmobile being given heavier armor and new aesthetics.
Batman keeps most of his field equipment in his utility belt. Over the years it has shown to contain an assortment of crime-fighting tools, weapons, and investigative and technological instruments.
Different versions of the belt have these items stored in compartments, often as pouches or hard cylinders attached evenly around it. Batman is often depicted as carrying a projectile which shoots a retractable grappling hook attached to a cable.
This allows him to attach to distant objects, be propelled into the air, and thus swing from the rooftops of Gotham City. An exception to the range of Batman's equipment are guns , which he refuses to use on principle, since a gun was used in his parents' murder.
When Batman is needed, the Gotham City police activate a searchlight with a bat-shaped insignia over the lens called the Bat-Signal, which shines into the night sky, creating a bat-symbol on a passing cloud which can be seen from any point in Gotham.
The origin of the signal varies, depending on the continuity and medium. In various incarnations, most notably the s Batman TV series , Commissioner Gordon also has a dedicated phone line, dubbed the Bat-Phone, connected to a bright red telephone in the TV series which sits on a wooden base and has a transparent top.
The line connects directly to Batman's residence, Wayne Manor , specifically both to a similar phone sitting on the desk in Bruce Wayne's study and the extension phone in the Batcave.
The Batcave is Batman's secret headquarters, consisting of a series of subterranean caves beneath his mansion, Wayne Manor. As his command center, the Batcave serves multiple purposes; supercomputer, surveillance, redundant power-generators, forensics lab, medical infirmary, private study, training dojo, fabrication workshop, arsenal, hangar and garage.
It houses the vehicles and equipment Batman uses in his campaign to fight crime. It is also a trophy room and storage facility for Batman's unique memorabilia collected over the years from various cases he has worked on.
In both the comic Batman: Shadow of the Bat 45 and the film Batman Begins , the cave is said to have been part of the Underground Railroad.
Batman's history has undergone many retroactive continuity revisions, both minor and major. Elements of the character's history have varied greatly.
Scholars William Uricchio and Roberta E. Pearson noted in the early s, "Unlike some fictional characters, the Batman has no primary urtext set in a specific period, but has rather existed in a plethora of equally valid texts constantly appearing over more than five decades.
The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story. Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha , murdered with a gun by a mugger named Joe Chill.
Batman refuses to utilize any sort of gun on the principle that a gun was used to murder his parents.
This event drove him to train his body to its peak condition and fight crime in Gotham City as Batman.
Pearson and Uricchio also noted beyond the origin story and such events as the introduction of Robin, "Until recently, the fixed and accruing and hence, canonized, events have been few in number",  a situation altered by an increased effort by later Batman editors such as Dennis O'Neil to ensure consistency and continuity between stories.
In Batman's first appearance in Detective Comics 27, he is already operating as a crime-fighter. As these comics state, Bruce Wayne is born to Dr.
Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha, two very wealthy and charitable Gotham City socialites. Bruce is brought up in Wayne Manor , and leads a happy and privileged existence until the age of eight, when his parents are killed by a small-time criminal named Joe Chill while on their way home from a movie theater.
That night, Bruce Wayne swears an oath to spend his life fighting crime. He engages in intense intellectual and physical training; however, he realizes that these skills alone would not be enough.
I must be a creature of the night, black, terrible In early strips, Batman's career as a vigilante earns him the ire of the police.
Batman also becomes a founding member of the Justice Society of America ,  although he, like Superman, is an honorary member,  and thus only participates occasionally.
Batman's relationship with the law thaws quickly, and he is made an honorary member of Gotham City's police department. Batman is not significantly changed by the late s for the continuity which would be later referred to as Earth-One.
The lighter tone Batman had taken in the period between the golden and silver ages led to the stories of the late s and early s that often feature many science-fiction elements, and Batman is not significantly updated in the manner of other characters until Detective Comics May , in which Batman reverts to his detective roots, with most science-fiction elements jettisoned from the series.
After the introduction of DC Comics' multiverse in the s, DC established that stories from the golden age star the Earth-Two Batman , a character from a parallel world.
The two have a daughter, Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress. Wayne holds the position of police commissioner until he is killed during one final adventure as Batman.
Batman titles however often ignored that a distinction had been made between the pre-revamp and post-revamp Batmen since unlike The Flash or Green Lantern , Batman comics had been published without interruption through the s and would occasionally make reference to stories from the golden age.
Additions include meetings with a future Superman during his youth, his upbringing by his uncle Philip Wayne introduced in Batman , Feb.
Batman meets and regularly works with other heroes during the silver age, most notably Superman, whom he began regularly working alongside in a series of team-ups in World's Finest Comics , starting in and continuing through the series' cancellation in Batman and Superman are usually depicted as close friends.
As a founding member of the Justice League of America , Batman appears in its first story, in 's Brave and the Bold In the s and s, Brave and the Bold became a Batman title, in which Batman teams up with a different DC Universe superhero each month.
Additionally, Batman also moves from his mansion, Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.
Batman's adventures also become somewhat darker and more grim during this period, depicting increasingly violent crimes, including the first appearance since the early golden age of the Joker as a homicidal psychopath , and the arrival of Ra's al Ghul , a centuries-old terrorist who knows Batman's secret identity.
In the s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing. In the final issue of Brave and the Bold in , Batman quits the Justice League and forms a new group called the Outsiders.
He serves as the team's leader until Batman and the Outsiders 32 and the comic subsequently changed its title. After the issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths , DC Comics retconned the histories of some major characters in an attempt at updating them for contemporary audiences.
Frank Miller retold Batman's origin in the storyline " Year One " from Batman —, which emphasizes a grittier tone in the character.
For example, Gotham's police are mostly corrupt, setting up further need for Batman's existence. Additionally, Batman is no longer a founding member of the Justice League of America, although he becomes leader for a short time of a new incarnation of the team launched in To help fill in the revised backstory for Batman following Crisis , DC launched a new Batman title called Legends of the Dark Knight in and has published various miniseries and one-shot stories since then that largely take place during the "Year One" period.
Subsequently, Batman begins exhibiting an excessive, reckless approach to his crime-fighting, a result of the pain of losing Jason Todd.
Batman works solo until the decade's close, when Tim Drake becomes the new Robin. Many of the major Batman storylines since the s have been inter-title crossovers that run for a number of issues.
In , DC published " Knightfall ". During the storyline's first phase, the new villain Bane paralyzes Batman, leading Wayne to ask Azrael to take on the role.
After the end of "Knightfall", the storylines split in two directions, following both the Azrael-Batman's adventures, and Bruce Wayne's quest to become Batman once more.
The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd", as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne. Wayne hands the Batman mantle to Dick Grayson then Nightwing for an interim period, while Wayne trains for a return to the role.
The company-wide crossover storyline " Zero Hour " changes aspects of DC continuity again, including those of Batman.
Noteworthy among these changes is that the general populace and the criminal element now considers Batman an urban legend rather than a known force.
During this time, Gotham City faces catastrophe in the decade's closing crossover arc. In 's " Cataclysm " storyline, Gotham City is devastated by an earthquake and ultimately cut off from the United States.
Deprived of many of his technological resources, Batman fights to reclaim the city from legions of gangs during 's " No Man's Land ".
Meanwhile, Batman's relationship with the Gotham City Police Department changed for the worse with the events of "Batman: Officer Down" and "Batman: Lex Luthor arranges for the murder of Batman's on-again, off-again love interest Vesper introduced in the mids during the "Bruce Wayne: Fugitive " story arcs.
Though Batman is able to clear his name, he loses another ally in the form of his new bodyguard Sasha, who is recruited into the organization known as "Checkmate" while stuck in prison due to her refusal to turn state's evidence against her employer.
Light after he raped Sue Dibny. Batman later creates the Brother I satellite surveillance system to watch over and, if necessary, kill the other heroes after he remembered.
The revelation of Batman's creation and his tacit responsibility for Blue Beetle's death becomes a driving force in the lead-up to the Infinite Crisis miniseries, which again restructures DC continuity.
Picking up a gun, Batman nearly shoots Luthor in order to avenge his former sidekick, until Wonder Woman convinces him to not pull the trigger.
Part of this absence is captured during Week 30 of the 52 series, which shows Batman fighting his inner demons.
This becomes an important part of the regular Batman title, which reveals that Batman is reborn as a more effective crime fighter while undergoing this ritual, having "hunted down and ate" the last traces of fear in his mind.
Although originally in Son of the Demon , Bruce's coupling with Talia was implied to be consensual, this arc ret-conned it into Talia forcing herself on Bruce.
Batman, along with Superman and Wonder Woman, reforms the Justice League in the new Justice League of America series,  and is leading the newest incarnation of the Outsiders.
Grant Morrison 's storyline, " Batman R. The story ends with Batman retrieving the god-killing bullet used to kill Orion, setting up its use in "Final Crisis".
Dick and Batman's other friends conclude that Bruce is alive. Bruce subsequently returned in Morrison's miniseries Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne , which depicted his travels through time from prehistory to present-day Gotham.
Bruce publicly announced that Wayne Enterprises will aid Batman on his mission, known as "Batman, Incorporated".
However, due to rebooted continuity that occurred as part of DC Comics' relaunch of all of its comic books, the New 52 , Dick Grayson was restored as Nightwing with Wayne serving as the sole Batman once again.
The relaunch also interrupted the publication of Batman, Incorporated , which resumed its story in — with changes to suit the new status quo.
Batman has become a pop culture icon, recognized around the world. The character's presence has extended beyond his comic book origins; events such as the release of the Batman film and its accompanying merchandising "brought the Batman to the forefront of public consciousness".
He is at once an icon and a commodity: The character of Batman has appeared in various media aside from comic books, such as newspaper syndicated comic strips , books, radio dramas, television, a stage show , and several theatrical feature films.
The first adaptation of Batman was as a daily newspaper comic strip which premiered on October 25, While Batman never had a radio series of his own, the character made occasional guest appearances in The Adventures of Superman starting in on occasions when Superman voice actor Bud Collyer needed time off.
The exposure provided by these adaptations during the s "helped make [Batman] a household name for millions who never bought a comic book".
Batman is portrayed for purposes of spoof as a pretentious French-speaking rich man. Inflected with a camp sense of humor, the show became a pop culture phenomenon.
In his memoir, Back to the Batcave , West notes his dislike for the term 'camp' as it was applied to the s series, opining that the show was instead a farce or lampoon , and a deliberate one, at that.
The series ran for episodes; ending in In between the first and second season of the Batman television series, the cast and crew made the theatrical film Batman Olan Soule was the voice of Batman in all these shows, but was eventually replaced during Super Friends by Adam West, who also voiced the character in Filmation 's series The New Adventures of Batman.
Animation and featuring Kevin Conroy as the voice of Batman. The series received considerable acclaim for its darker tone, mature writing, stylistic design, and thematic complexity compared to previous superhero cartoons,   in addition to multiple Emmy Awards.
Mask of the Phantasm ,  as well as various spin-off TV series; including Superman: The futuristic series Batman Beyond also took place in this same animated continuity and featured a newer, younger Batman voiced by Will Friedle , with the elderly Bruce Wayne again voiced by Conroy as a mentor.
In , an unrelated animated series titled The Batman made its debut with Rino Romano voicing Batman. In , this show was replaced by another animated series, Batman: To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the character, Warner Bros aired the television short film , Batman: In , Warner Bros.
The film was a huge success; not only was it the top-grossing film of the year, but at the time was the fifth highest-grossing film in history.
The second Schumacher film failed to outgross any of its predecessors and was critically panned; causing Warner Bros. In , Batman Begins was released by Warner Bros.
Its sequel, The Dark Knight , set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U. Kevin Conroy has reprised his voice role of Batman for several of these films, while others have featured celebrity voice actors in the role; including Jeremy Sisto , William Baldwin , Bruce Greenwood , Ben McKenzie , and Peter Weller.
Dawn of Justice , directed by Zack Snyder. Since , Batman has starred in multiple video games, most of which were adaptations of the various cinematic or animated incarnations of the character.
Among the most successful of these games is the Batman: The first installment, Batman: Arkham Knight has also been released by Rocksteady.
In , Telltale Games released Batman: The Telltale Series adventure game, which changed the Wayne Family's history as it is depicted in the Batman mythos.
The Enemy Within , was released in Gay interpretations of the character have been part of the academic study of Batman since psychologist Fredric Wertham asserted in Seduction of the Innocent in that "Batman stories are psychologically homosexual The Batman type of story may stimulate children to homosexual fantasies, of the nature of which they may be unconscious.
He also identifies a homophobic element to the vigor with which mainstream fandom rejects the possibility of a gay reading of the character. Creators associated with the character have expressed their own opinions.
Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view. Obviously as a fictional character he's intended to be heterosexual, but the basis of the whole concept is utterly gay.
I think that's why people like it. All these women fancy him and they all wear fetish clothes and jump around rooftops to get to him.
He doesn't care—he's more interested in hanging out with the old guy and the kid. In , DC refused permission for the reprinting of four panels from Batman 79, 92, , and to illustrate Christopher York's paper "All in the Family: Homophobia and Batman Comics in the s".
Batman has been the subject of psychological study for some time, and there have been a number of interpretations into the character's psyche.
In Batman and Psychology: A Dark and Stormy Knight , Travis Langley argues that the concept of archetypes as described by psychologists Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell is present in the Batman mythos, such that the character represents the "shadow archetype".
This archetype, according to Langley, represents a person's own dark side; it is not necessarily an evil one, but rather one that is hidden from the outside and concealed from both the world and oneself.
Langley argues that Bruce Wayne confronts his own darkness early in life; he chooses to use it to instill fear in wrongdoers, with his bright and dark sides working together to fight evil.
Langley uses the Jungian perspective to assert that Batman appeals to our own need to face our "shadow selves". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the fictional character. For other uses, see Batman disambiguation. Bob Kane Bill Finger  .
Matches Malone  Lefty Knox . List of Batman comics. Alternative versions of Batman. All Star DC Comics. Criminals are a superstitious cowardly lot.
So my disguise must be able to strike terror into their hearts. List of Batman supporting characters. List of Batman Family adversaries.
Gotham City Police Department. List of Batman video games. Homosexuality in the Batman franchise. Archived from the original on October 22, Retrieved September 21, Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved October 21, The DC Comics Encyclopedia.
What is the history of Batman, and why does he still appeal? Archived from the original on July 29, Archived from the original on July 2, Retrieved October 1, Retrieved October 23, Archived from the original on August 19, The Steranko History of Comics 1.
Batman - The Complete History: The Life and Times of the Dark Knight. A Response to Jerome Christensen". Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.
Archived from the original on December 24, Retrieved November 18, Retrieved March 20, Archived on March 20, The International Journal of Comic Art.
The Comic Book in America: An Interview with Dennis O'Neil. Archived from the original on February 1, Their stories include the classic 'Laughing Fish' in which the Joker's face appeared on fish ; they were adapted for Batman: The Animated Series in the s.
A reason why this movie is such a great is cause of its music sequences. This is what we need, we need music all the time in the movies.
Other reason is its really entertaining with epic humors by The Joker. The story is great. Batman notices that Joker is the guy, who killed his parents.
The end of the film is a full off excellent action and it ends really good with great music. A movie is not hard to make.
It just needs to get great director as Tim Burton and great actors. Start your free trial. Find showtimes, watch trailers, browse photos, track your Watchlist and rate your favorite movies and TV shows on your phone or tablet!
Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. The Dark Knight of Gotham City begins his war on crime with his first major enemy being the clownishly homicidal Joker.
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